Car Sickness

My child gets sick in the car quite often. How can we keep this from happening?

 

Motion sickness occurs when the brain receives conflicting signals from the motion-sensing parts of the body: the inner ears, the eyes, and nerves in the extremities. Under usual circumstances, all three areas respond to any motion. When the signals they receive and send are inconsistent—for example, if you watch rapid motion on a movie screen, your eyes sense the motion, but your inner ear and joints do not—the brain receives conflicting signals and activates a response that can make you sick. The same thing can happen when a child is sitting so low in the backseat of a car that she cannot see outside. Her inner ear senses the motion, but her eyes and joints do not.

 

Signs and symptoms

Motion sickness usually starts with a vague feeling of stomach upset (queasiness), a cold sweat, fatigue, and loss of appetite. This usually progresses to vomiting. A young child may not be able to describe queasiness, but will demonstrate it by becoming pale and restless, yawning, and crying. Later she will lose interest in food (even her favorite ones), and finally she will vomit.

Causes

We do not know why motion sickness happens more often in some children than others, but it is most likely due to an increased sensitivity to the brain’s response to motion. This response can be affected by previous car trips that made them sick, but it usually improves over time.

Motion sickness occurs most often on a first boat or plane ride, or when the motion is very intense, such as that caused by rough water or turbulent air. Stress and excitement also can start this problem or make it worse.

Not infrequently, children with a history of motion sickness go on to develop migraine headaches.

 

What you can do

If your child starts to develop the symptoms of motion sickness, the best approach is to stop the activity that is causing the problem. If it occurs in the car, stop as soon as safely possible and let her get out and walk around. If you are on a long car trip, you may have to make frequent short stops, but it will be worth it. If this condition develops on a swing or merry-go-round, stop the motion promptly and get your child off the equipment.

 

She probably will be upset and scared, so try to help her relax. Otherwise, what should be a happy time will become a dreaded experience. Most important, do not get angry with your child, because she cannot help what is happening. Be as supportive of her as you can, or she may refuse to travel or have a temper tantrum the next time you ask her to get into the car or board a plane or boat.

 

Since “car sickness” is the most common form of motion sickness in children, many preventive measures have been developed. In addition to frequent stops, try the following.

  • Place your young child in an approved car safety seat, facing forward if over 20 pounds (9 kg) and over one year old. Do not let her move around in the car. (You should not let her do this for safety reasons, anyway.)
  • If she has not eaten for three hours, give your child a light snack before the trip— which also helps on a boat or plane. This relieves hunger pangs, which seem to add to the symptoms.
  • Try to focus her attention away from the queasy feeling. Listen to the radio, sing, or talk.
  • Have her look at things outside the car, not at books or games.

If none of the above works, stop the car and have her lie on her back for a few minutes (still in her lap belt) with her eyes closed. A cool cloth on the forehead also tends to lessen the symptoms.

Medications

If you are going on a trip and your child has had motion sickness before, you might want to give her medication ahead of time to prevent problems. Some of these medications are available without a prescription, but ask your pediatrician before using them. Although they can help, they often produce side effects, such as drowsiness (which means that when you get to your destination your child might be too tired to enjoy it), dry mouth and nose, or blurred vision. Less common reactions include skin rashes, blood pressure changes, nausea, and vomiting. Some children actually become agitated from these medicines rather than drowsy. Never use the skin patch–type motion sickness medications on young children.

 

When to call the pediatrician

Although it does not happen often, dehydration can occur from the vomiting and poor fluid intake that may accompany motion sickness. If you feel that your child is becoming dehydrated, take her to the nearest physician’s office or to an emergency room.

If your child has symptoms of motion sickness at times when she is not involved with a movement activity—particularly if she also has a headache; difficulty hearing, seeing, walking, or talking; or if she stares off into space—tell your pediatrician about it. These may be symptoms of problems other than motion sickness.

Published online: 6/07

Source: Caring for Your Baby and Young Child: Birth to Age 5 (Copyright © 2004 American Academy of Pediatrics, Updated 5/05)
To order a copy of this book visit the AAP Bookstore